Heading Structure CON-001

Use heading elements to define content structure

Requirements

Use Headings (h1 etc.) (CON-WEB-001-01)

Pages MUST organize content using headings (e.g., H1, H2, etc.)

One h1 Per Page (CON-WEB-001-02)

Each page MUST have only one H1.

H1 at Top of Main (CON-WEB-001-03)

The H1 MUST be within and at the top of the Main ARIA Landmark, with no content above it.

Sequential Headings (CON-WEB-001-04)

Headings MUST occur in a sequential and increasing order (i.e., Heading 1, then Heading 2, then Heading 3 and so on, no skipping numbers).

Properly Nested Headings (CON-WEB-001-05)

Headings MUST be nested properly (i.e., 2 is always a child of 1, and 3 is always a child of 2, and so on).


Test Procedures

Headings Map (CON-WEB-001-01-T)

Confirm that each page organizes content using headings (e.g., H1, H2, etc.).

Headings Map (CON-WEB-001-02-T)

Confirm that each page has only one H1.

NC State Web Eval > Headings & ARIA (CON-WEB-001-03-T)

Run the NC State Web Evaluation Bookmarklet and check the Headings and ARIA Landmarks checkboxes. Confirm that the H1 is within and at the top of the Main ARIA Landmark, with no content above it.

Headings Map (CON-WEB-001-04-T)

Headings MUST occur in a sequential and increasing order (i.e., Heading 1, then Heading 2, then Heading 3 and so on, no skipping numbers).

Headings Map (CON-WEB-001-05-T)

Confirm that headings are nested properly (i.e., 2 is always a child of 1, and 3 is always a child of 2, and so on).


Related Content

WCAG Success Criteria

W3C Techniques

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